It seems more of life’s circumstances generate more stress responses in individuals these days. One can speculate the cause of theses stresses, but the end result is the effects that it takes on individuals or in larger concentrations; communities, countries and nations or the wide spread global influences.
But what is post- traumatic stress syndrome and how does it affect an individual?
Post traumatic stress come from the inability to cope from a witnessing or experiencing a terrifying event. The term seemed to be most prevalent in post war veterans but in the current world we face we don’t have to be in times of war to feel the effects of PTSD. As violence and general unrest becomes more of a standard verses an exception, more individuals are being exposed to all kinds of stress such as motor vehicle accidents, public threats, sexual and physical crimes, global and environmental treats, victimization of civil liberties, social unrest and injustices,etc.
Some of the side effects of PTSD is the inability to cope, nightmares, night terrors, flashbacks, memories of the event, depression and a loss of interest in life, isolation and avoidance, depression, outburst of anger, feeling startled easily, difficult with memory and concentration, change in eating and sleeping habits.
What happens to the body when an individual has experienced something traumatic?
The body is designed to be an efficient machine. It has set within in a vast network of self-preservation mechanics. This network is the nervous system. Within this system is two main parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The central nervous system contains the brain and the spinal cord, whereas the peripheral nervous system connects the CNS to the extremities (arms and legs) and the organs. The PNS serves as a communication relay between the brain and the extremities. The PNS is divided into the somatic nervous system (which creates voluntary movement) and the autonomic nervous system (which controls involuntary functions within the px7 primal flow reviews organ such as heart rate, digestion and respiration).Within the autonomic nervous system there is sympathetic nervous system:commonly referred to the “Fight of flight response”. It allows the body to prepare itself to take on the impending stressor or engage the muscles to flee impending danger. Either way the body is aroused to prepare to engage in either response in order to cope with the impending situation. The other division of the PNS is the sympathetic nervous system ( CN), which is the recovery phase of the two divisions. It is referred to as ‘rest and digest” or “feed and breed”.
When a stress response occurs in the body it engages this system in order to generate action or rest dependent on what phase occurs within the nervous system. The body finds within these systems a state of homeostasis or balance. It can be thrown out of balance if it doesn’t maintain this state of equilibrium, such as in the case of a repetitive insult to the nervous system which doesn’t allow for the recovery phase to enter back into. Such terns as “burn out” or chronic fatigue” can occur. With post- traumatic stress syndrome a loop of memories can occur based on a trigger of a current observation, sight, sound, sensation etc. that transports the memory to the original traumatic incident. Even though the body’s mechanics is engineered to perform at optimum homeostasis (a kind of check and balance in the body), it doesn’t always mean that it does. Our primitive brains have long evolved to deal with on- going threats, be it that now, instead of having wild animals chase after us in the “fight or flight” response”,it is grid-lock among other things. This shift of modern innovation has created a higher and more demanding pace of life for most of us. When we can’t cope our bodies suffer the on-going loop of stress which plays into heavy consequences of our body, and thus our quality of lives. The over flowing repercussions of this can be endless; mental and physical health issues, social phobias,social disruptions of home and family life, disruptions of work and occupational productivity etc., allowing for loss of income for individuals and their employers. According to The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Survey estimates that mental disease, including stress-related disorders, will be the second leading cause of disabilities by the year 2020. We need to rethink about the impact of what PTSD has on our lives and the degree in which it overflows into other aspects of our everyday.